Exactly 28 years ago the city of Sukhumi fell. The armed confrontation, which began on August 14, 1992, grew into a war, the conflict that lasted 13 months and 13 days ended on September 27, 1993, with the fall of Sukhumi.
Against the Georgian unit, along with the Abkhazians, were mercenaries from the North Caucasus, Cossacks and unauthorized Russian units in Gudauta.
Before the decisive battle for Sukhumi on July 27, an agreement was reached in Sochi on a ceasefire and withdrawal of military equipment from the conflict zone, but on September 16 the Abkhaz side violated the treaty.
On this day the separatists conducted large-scale attacks on Sukhumi from the sea, air and the surrounding territory. Georgia by this time, within the framework of the agreement, removed heavy equipment from the conflict zone, the Georgian troops had to abandon their positions in the unequal struggle and as a result the city of Sukhumi fell.
On the day of the fall of Sukhumi, the Russian invaders and Abkhaz separatists in front of the government building in place of 30 Georgians shot the chairman of the Supreme Council of Abkhazia Zhiuli Shartava, members of the government-Guram Habiskiriya and Raul Eshba, who refused to leave Sukhumi. Alexander Berulava is listed on the list of missing persons.
September 27, Sukhumi fell, September 29 - Ochamchira and September 30 Gali, Abkhazia completely passed into the hands of the separatists.
The defeat of the Georgian armed forces was followed by ethnic cleansing of the Georgian population. Survivors of 300 thousand people became refugees.